1 - Writing a Paragraph

Updated: Mar 13, 2020

Writing a Paragraph.

A paragraph can stand alone or may also be one part of a longer piece of writing like an essay or a book.

Proofreading and editing are essential for a great paragraph, essay, dissertation or thesis.

Writing a Paragraph.

A paragraph can stand alone or may also be one part of a longer piece of writing like an essay or a book.

"I am terribly interested in the paragraph: the paragraph as an object, the construction, and the possibilities of what a paragraph can do." Hisham Matar.

The Three Parts of a Paragraph

A paragraph is a group of related sentences that usually discuss a single main idea. A paragraph can be just one sentence or twenty sentences. The number of sentences is irrelevant. However, the paragraph should be long enough to develop the main idea clearly. A paragraph can stand alone or may also be one part of a longer piece of writing like an essay or a book.

All paragraphs have a main topic sentence and supporting sentences. Other paragraphs also contain a concluding sentence.

1 Topic sentence

2 Supporting sentences

3 Concluding sentence

The Topic Sentence

The topic sentence indicates the main idea of the paragraph. It clearly names the topic of the paragraph, as well as limiting the topic to one specific area that can be discussed completely in a single paragraph. The part of the topic sentence that announces the specific area to be discussed is called the controlling idea.

Every good paragraph has a topic sentence, which clearly states the topic and the controlling idea of the paragraph. A topic sentence is the most important sentence in a paragraph. It indicates what the paragraph is going to discuss. The topic sentence is an invaluable guide to both the writer and the reader. The writer can see what information to include. The reader can see what the paragraph is going to be about and is better prepared to understand it.

Supporting Sentences

Supporting sentences develop the topic sentence. They explain or prove the topic sentence by giving more information regarding the main idea. One of the biggest problems in student writing is that writers often fail to support their ideas. They need to use specific details for the paragraph to be thorough and convincing.

There are several kinds of specific supporting details: examples, statistics, and quotations. Examples are probably the easiest of supporting detail to use because you can often take examples from your own knowledge and experience. You don't always have to search the Internet for supporting material. Furthermore, examples make your writing more lively and interesting, and the reader is more likely to remember the main idea if it is supported by a memorable example. Good supporting sentences explain or prove the topic sentence which is specific and factual. They can be examples, statistics, or quotations.

Concluding Sentence

The concluding sentence signals the end of the paragraph and leaves the reader with important points to remember. Concluding sentences are necessary for standalone paragraphs. However, paragraphs that form parts of a longer piece of writing usually do not need concluding sentences.

A concluding sentence serves two purposes. First, it signals the end of the paragraph. Second, it leaves the reader with the most important ideas to remember. Concluding can be done in two ways. By summarising the main points of the paragraph or by repeating the topic sentence written in a different way. A paragraph does not always need a concluding sentence. For a long single paragraph, a concluding sentence is helpful to the reader as it is a repeated reminder of the important points. However, a concluding sentence is not needed for every paragraph in a multi-paragraph essay.

Using these three fundamental rules, you can write excellent paragraphs that produce a great essay or thesis.

When you have written your essay, dissertation or thesis, don't forget proofreading and editing. At English writing service, we proofread and edit the grammar, punctuation and spelling to make sure it is the perfected essay. Email your essay for editing at or fill out the contact information form.

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