2 - From Writing a Paragraph to an Essay

Updated: Mar 13, 2020

Proofreading and editing are essential for a great paragraph, essay, dissertation or thesis.

An essay is a piece of writing several paragraphs long. It is about one topic, the same as a paragraph. However, because the topic of an essay is too complex to discuss in one single paragraph, you need to divide it into several paragraphs. There should be one paragraph for each major point. Then the paragraphs need to be tied together by adding an introductory paragraph and a concluding paragraph.

It is not more difficult to write an essay than a paragraph. The difference is that an essay is longer. The organisation is the same for both paragraph and essay. If you can write a good paragraph, you can write a good essay.

"Substitute 'damn' every time you're inclined to write 'very;' your editor will delete it and the writing will be just as it should be." Mark Twain

The Three Parts of an Essay

An essay has three principal parts: an introductory paragraph, a body (at least one paragraph), and a concluding paragraph.

1 Introductory paragraph

2 Body paragraphs

3 Concluding paragraph

An essay introduction consists of two parts. First, there need to be some general statements to attract the reader's attention. Second, a thesis statement to specify the main idea of the essay. A thesis statement for an essay is just like a topic sentence for a paragraph. That is, it names a particular topic and provides the overall purpose of the essay. The body consists of one or more paragraphs. Each paragraph explains a subdivision of the topic. So, the number of paragraphs in the body will differ with the number of subdivisions or subtopics. The conclusion, like the concluding sentence in a paragraph, is a summary of the main points in the body.

Introductory Paragraph

An introductory paragraph has two parts, general statements and the thesis statement.

General statements introduce the topic of the essay and capture the interest of the reader.

The thesis statement is the most important sentence in the introduction. It states the specific topic of the essay. It may list subtopics of the main topic and may indicate the organisational pattern of the essay. The thesis statement is usually the last sentence in the introductory paragraph.

Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs in an essay are like the supporting sentences in a paragraph. They are where to develop the topic and prove points. These paragraphs must be organised into a pattern. Such patterns may be chronological order or comparison and contrast. Depending on the topic, it may be necessary to use a combination of patterns. A basic pattern for essays is a logical division of ideas. In this pattern, the main topic is divided into subtopics, then each subtopic is discussed in a separate paragraph.

Linking paragraphs with transitions help to show how the subtopics are related. Link one paragraph to the next, by adding a transition to the topic sentence of the next paragraph. This transition may be a single word, a phrase, or a dependent clause that repeats the main idea in the preceding paragraph.

Concluding Paragraph

The concluding paragraph is the final paragraph of an essay. This paragraph has three specific purposes.

1. It signals the end of the essay.

2. It reminds the reader of the main points, which can be done in one of two ways: • summarise the subtopics. • paraphrase the thesis.

3. It leaves the reader with the final thoughts on the topic. A paragraph with an opportunity to convey a strong, effective message that the reader will remember.

It is important to organise and plan before you begin to write an essay. The best way to do this is to make an outline. An outline will organise your thoughts and keeps you on track once you start writing.

When you have written your essay, dissertation or thesis, don't forget proofreading and editing. At English writing service, we proofread and edit the grammar, punctuation and spelling to make sure it is the perfected essay. Email your essay for editing at or fill out the contact information form.

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